After the match, HCO3- and base excess were significantly higher when subjects took sodium bicarbonate compared to ingesting the placebo. Similarly, blood pH was significantly increased in the bicarbonate trial, indicating a more alkaline environment. Service and forehand ground stroke consistency scores declined significantly after the match in the placebo trial; they were maintained when subjects consumed bicarbonate. Match-induced declines in consistency scores were also significantly larger in the placebo trial versus the bicarbonate trial.
What do they mean by significant? The last thing I read on Baking Soda was that the benefits were minimal at best. Because of how awful it tastes and how small a difference it made it would be best used by Olympic tier athletes, or those who are already at their peak level of performance.
A spoonful of baking soda DOES speed you up, say scientists | Mail Online
But the substance isn't a miracle-worker - shaving seconds, not minutes, off performance time - so that only the most proficient athletes will notice a difference.
The swimmers in the Loughborough study cut 1.5 seconds from their 200m time. Which is hardly significant for most of us who take a leisurely few laps up and down the pool.
I'm just curious as to what they deem significant in this most recent study.