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Spike in Harm to Liver Is Tied to Dietary Aids

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  1. #1
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    Spike in Harm to Liver Is Tied to Dietary Aids






    Last week, they claimed Vitamins have zero health benefits....
    Studies Suggest Multivitamins Are Useless And Possibly Dangerous

    Then this week, aspirin may cause more harm than good.....
    A daily aspirin might do more harm than good - Telegraph



    Now this. Apparently Green tea can cause liver failure


    Hopefully you all see the pattern going on here.


    Spike in Harm to Liver Is Tied to Dietary Aids

    Michael Stravato for The New York Times
    Christopher Herrera and his mother, Lordes Gonzalez, at home in Katy, Tex. A green tea extract nearly cost Christopher his liver.

    By ANAHAD O?CONNOR

    Published: December 21, 2013

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    When Christopher Herrera, 17, walked into the emergency room at Texas Children?s Hospital one morning last year, his chest, face and eyes were bright yellow ? ?almost highlighter yellow,? recalled Dr. Shreena S. Patel, the pediatric resident who treated him.

    Enlarge This Image

    Chester Higgins Jr./The New York Times

    About 55,000 dietary supplements, largely unregulated, are sold in the United States.


    Christopher, a high school student from Katy, Tex., suffered severe liver damage after using a concentrated green tea extract he bought at a nutrition store as a ?fat burning? supplement. The damage was so extensive that he was put on the waiting list for a liver transplant.
    ?It was terrifying,? he said in an interview. ?They kept telling me they had the best surgeons, and they were trying to comfort me. But they were saying that I needed a new liver and that my body could reject it.?
    New data suggests that his is not an isolated case. Dietary supplements account for nearly 20 percent of drug-related liver injuries that turn up in hospitals, up from 7 percent a decade ago, according to an analysis by a national network of liver specialists. The research included only the most severe cases of liver damage referred to a representative group of hospitals around the country, and the investigators said they were undercounting the actual number of cases.
    While many patients recover once they stop taking the supplements and receive treatment, a few require liver transplants or die because of liver failure. Na?ve teenagers are not the only consumers at risk, the researchers said. Many are middle-aged women who turn to dietary supplements that promise to burn fat or speed up weight loss.
    ?It?s really the Wild West,? said Dr. Herbert L. Bonkovsky, the director of the liver, digestive and metabolic disorders laboratory at Carolinas HealthCare System in Charlotte, N.C. ?When people buy these dietary supplements, it?s anybody?s guess as to what they?re getting.?
    Though doctors were able to save his liver, Christopher can no longer play sports, spend much time outdoors or exert himself, lest he strain the organ. He must make monthly visits to a doctor to assess his liver function.
    Americans spend an estimated $32 billion on dietary supplements every year, attracted by unproven claims that various pills and powders will help them lose weight, build muscle and fight off everything from colds to chronic illnesses. About half of Americans use dietary supplements, and most of them take more than one product at a time.
    Dr. Victor Navarro, the chairman of the hepatology division at Einstein Healthcare Network in Philadelphia, said that while liver injuries linked to supplements were alarming, he believed that a majority of supplements were generally safe. Most of the liver injuries tracked by a network of medical officials are caused by prescription drugs used to treat things like cancer, diabetes and heart disease, he said.
    But the supplement business is largely unregulated. In recent years, critics of the industry have called for measures that would force companies to prove that their products are safe, genuine and made in accordance with strict manufacturing standards before they reach the market.
    But a federal law enacted in 1994, the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act, prevents the Food and Drug Administration from approving or evaluating most supplements before they are sold. Usually the agency must wait until consumers are harmed before officials can remove products from stores. Because the supplement industry operates on the honor system, studies show, the market has been flooded with products that are adulterated, mislabeled or packaged in dosages that have not been studied for safety.
    The new research found that many of the products implicated in liver injuries were bodybuilding supplements spiked with unlisted steroids, and herbal pills and powders promising to increase energy and help consumers lose weight.
    ?There unfortunately are criminals that feel it?s a business opportunity to spike some products and sell them as dietary supplements,? said Duffy MacKay, a spokesman for the Council for Responsible Nutrition, a supplement industry trade group. ?It?s the fringe of the industry, but as you can see, it is affecting some consumers.? More popular supplements like vitamins, minerals, probiotics and fish oil had not been linked to ?patterns of adverse effects,? he said.
    The F.D.A. estimates that 70 percent of dietary supplement companies are not following basic quality control standards that would help prevent adulteration of their products. Of about 55,000 supplements that are sold in the United States, only 170 ? about 0.3 percent ? have been studied closely enough to determine their common side effects, said Dr. Paul A. Offit, the chief of infectious diseases at the Children?s Hospital of Philadelphia and an expert on dietary supplements.
    ?When a product is regulated, you know the benefits and the risks and you can make an informed decision about whether or not to take it,? he said. ?With supplements, you don?t have efficacy data and you don?t have safety data, so it?s just a black box.?
    Since 2008, the F.D.A. has been taking action against companies whose supplements are found to contain prescription drugs and controlled substances, said Daniel Fabricant, the director of the division of dietary supplement programs in the agency?s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. For example, the agency recently took steps to remove one ?fat burning? product from shelves, OxyElite Pro, that was linked to one death and dozens of cases of hepatitis and liver injury in Hawaii and other states.
    The new research, presented last month at a conference in Washington, was produced by the Drug-Induced Liver Injury Network, which was established by the National Institutes of Health to track patients who suffer liver damage from certain drugs and alternative medicines. It includes doctors at eight major hospitals throughout the country.
    The investigators looked at 845 patients with severe, drug-induced liver damage who were treated at hospitals in the network from 2004 to 2012. It focused only on cases where the investigators ruled out other causes and blamed a drug or a supplement with a high degree of certainty.
    When the network began tracking liver injuries in 2004, supplements accounted for 7 percent of the 115 severe cases. But the percentage has steadily risen, reaching 20 percent of the 313 cases recorded from 2010 to 2012.
    Those patients included dozens of young men who were sickened by bodybuilding supplements. The patients all fit a similar profile, said Dr. Navarro, an investigator with the network.
    ?They become very jaundiced for long periods of time,? he said. ?They itch really badly, to the point where they can?t sleep. They lose weight. They lose work. I had one patient who was jaundiced for six months.?
    Tests showed that a third of the implicated products contained steroids not listed on their labels.
    A second trend emerged when Dr. Navarro and his colleagues studied 85 patients with liver injuries linked to herbal pills and powders. Two-thirds were middle-aged women, on average 48 years old, who often used the supplements to lose weight or increase energy. Nearly a dozen of those patients required liver transplants, and three died.
    It was not always clear what the underlying causes of injury were in those cases, in part because patients frequently combined multiple supplements and used products with up to 30 ingredients, said Dr. Bonkovsky, an investigator with the network.
    But one product that patients used frequently was green tea extract, which contains catechins, a group of potent antioxidants that reputedly increase metabolism. The extracts are often marketed as fat burners, and catechins are often added to weight-loss products and energy boosters. Most green tea pills are highly concentrated, containing many times the amount of catechins found in a single cup of green tea, Dr. Bonkovsky said. In high doses, catechins can be toxic to the liver, he said, and a small percentage of people appear to be particularly susceptible.
    But liver injuries attributed to herbal supplements are more likely to be severe and to result in liver transplants, Dr. Navarro said. And unlike prescription drugs, which are tightly regulated, dietary supplements typically carry no information about side effects. Consumers assume they have been studied and tested, Dr. Bonkovsky said. But that is rarely the case. ?There is this belief that if something is natural, then it must be safe and it must be good,? he said.

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    h
    ttp://www.SteelGear.net
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    It's like ping pong with these yoyo's. Is it good or bad, make up your mind.

    I'm about to eat my butter covered bacon egg sandwich with coffee. I believe they are on the good for you must this week.

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    high doses of green tea extract become a problem, keep under 2 grams and your fine...
    its gov't bs for the sake of pushing supp ban

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    Quote Originally Posted by SFW View Post
    Spike in Harm to Liver Is Tied to Dietary Aids

    Michael Stravato for The New York Times
    Stupidity TIED Dietary Aids and "Supplements"

    I am constantly amazed at how the majority of people accept NO responsibility for bad decisions.

    They always blame something or someone else.

    Overdosing and Stacking

    The average individual ends up taking a supplement because they read one sentence or someone told them it work.

    That is the extent of their education.

    They then "medicate" themselves based on that information.

    When something goes wrong, they blame someone else or the supplement.

    Death From Car Wrecks

    The total number and percentage of deaths from car wrecks is greater than from supplements.

    Car Law Regulations

    There are infinitely more regulations on driving a car than taking supplements.

    However, there are more deaths from car accidents.

    The Common Thread

    The common thread in deaths from car accidents and health problems/deaths from supplements is Stupid People!

    Stupid people either kill others, themselves or both.

    "When a product is regulated, you know the benefits and the risks and you can make an informed decision about whether or not to take it."

    That has REALLY worked for cigarettes.

    The package tells you it will kill you.

    TV aids tell you it will kill you.

    Cigarettes are restricted to adults.

    But they keep on lighting up.

    Kenny Croxdale

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    What the funny part is, when I was growing up if we were getting fat we jogged or played ball, these kids just want a miracle treatment to lose weight while they play video games. and now the poor bastard ruined his liver

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    I don't take much, but I do take a few supplements and I always wonder whether I'm doing more harm than good. Recently I even stopped taking creatine as my GFD blood test results came back slightly below normal.

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    We keep trying to protect stupid people from themselves which is a losing proposition from the start. They are stupid so removing one means of them harming themselves will only lead them to another less regulated means. This does however seem to slow down their offing themselves which gives them time to meet and mate with other stupid people there by throwing the law of natural selection out of the window and rather than our species selecting for the most hardy and intelligent we've went the other way and doomed ourselves as it now seems there are more stupid people than those who have enough intelligence to manage life on their own w/o assistance or intervention.

    Sent from my DROID RAZR HD using Tapatalk

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