No. The therapeutic dosage is the same amount the body would produce. You would have to bathe and soak in the gel to have an anabolic effect to the degree that anabolic steroids will.
I've been on Androgel for over two years, and while it has help improve my libido and helped me gain muscle and grow, it has had no more of an effect than my own testosterone, in normal amounts would.
If you want the effects of anabolics, you have to use anabolics. But in our cases, being monitored by a doctor, it's not a good idea. Your testosterone level will go through the roof, tipping off the doc that something is up. Besides, if you go the anabolics route, the gel becomes superfluous.